PocketBeagle Boot Time

Has anyone had success getting the PocketBeagle boot time to less than 30 seconds?


$ systemd-analyze

Startup finished in 1.067s (kernel) + 15.828s (userspace) = 16.896s

Booting with USB WiFi stick including connection with static IP adress. Should be possible with PocketBeagle as well. Find details at


Thanks. I will look at that thread. My recent efforts have resulted in negative process.

Startup finished in 17.476s (kernel) + 41.899s (userspace) = 59.376s

The first step would be to delete any initrd images in /boot. That will likely chop about 10 seconds off the “kernel” time. I’m not sure why we’re creating the initrd things.

I have done that, but I am perplexed with the results I posted – I think that was from a different unit as I have several in various states of development. From what I have read, the usb gadget takes most of the userspace time. On the one hand, I find it amazing that the startup scripts work for so many boards, but on the other hand I find their size and complexity daunting to tramps through and figure out.

Hi Paul,

What kernel are you using?

Before our Spring 2020 release time, i had spent some time cleaning up
the boot script (and the kernel..)

Have you tried the newer Spring 2020 "console" image?


Out of the box, (2nd boot, as the 1st boot generates the ssh keys..)

debian@beaglebone:~$ uname -r

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 7.686s (kernel) + 29.068s (userspace) = 36.755s
graphical.target reached after 28.776s in userspace

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze blame
         21.211s generic-board-startup.service
         19.429s dev-mmcblk0p1.device
          3.214s systemd-udev-trigger.service
          2.649s loadcpufreq.service
          1.970s networking.service
          1.466s ssh.service
          1.387s systemd-logind.service
          1.318s systemd-journald.service
          1.261s systemd-timesyncd.service
          1.135s connman.service
          1.077s bb-wl18xx-wlan0.service
           835ms dnsmasq.service
           707ms cpufrequtils.service
           695ms wpa_supplicant.service
           644ms kmod-static-nodes.service
           642ms systemd-fsck-root.service
           626ms systemd-user-sessions.service
           611ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
           604ms systemd-update-utmp.service
           541ms systemd-remount-fs.service
           518ms user@1000.service
           478ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
           457ms systemd-sysctl.service
           448ms rsyslog.service
           447ms systemd-modules-load.service
           411ms systemd-journal-flush.service
           389ms dev-mqueue.mount
           387ms systemd-sysusers.service
           381ms sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount
           361ms systemd-udevd.service
           337ms systemd-random-seed.service
           273ms sys-kernel-config.mount
           234ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service
           223ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service
           151ms ifupdown-pre.service
           125ms user-runtime-dir@1000.service
            94ms bb-wl18xx-bluetooth.service

Looks like i forgot to disable* wl18xx on boot-up on the PocketBeagle..


debian@beaglebone:~$ sudo systemctl disable bb-wl18xx-bluetooth.service
debian@beaglebone:~$ sudo systemctl disable bb-wl18xx-wlan0.service

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 7.669s (kernel) + 28.640s (userspace) = 36.310s
graphical.target reached after 28.363s in userspace

debian@beaglebone:~$ sudo rm /boot/initrd.img-4.19.94-ti-r42

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 1.355s (kernel) + 27.831s (userspace) = 29.187s
graphical.target reached after 27.564s in userspace

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze blame
         19.893s generic-board-startup.service
         19.072s dev-mmcblk0p1.device
          3.193s systemd-udev-trigger.service
          2.905s loadcpufreq.service
          1.898s networking.service
          1.427s ssh.service
          1.314s systemd-timesyncd.service
          1.159s systemd-journald.service
          1.043s systemd-logind.service
           929ms connman.service
           878ms cpufrequtils.service
           864ms dnsmasq.service
           830ms systemd-fsck-root.service
           699ms rsyslog.service
           608ms wpa_supplicant.service
           578ms systemd-user-sessions.service
           557ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
           506ms systemd-modules-load.service
           506ms user@1000.service
           467ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
           465ms systemd-update-utmp.service
           452ms kmod-static-nodes.service
           399ms systemd-sysusers.service
           393ms systemd-journal-flush.service
           386ms systemd-sysctl.service
           345ms systemd-udevd.service
           341ms sys-kernel-config.mount
           322ms systemd-random-seed.service
           296ms dev-mqueue.mount
           284ms sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount
           258ms systemd-remount-fs.service
           203ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service
           194ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service
           152ms user-runtime-dir@1000.service
           113ms ifupdown-pre.service

There under 30 seconds, with more room to disable things. :wink:

If you kill "generic-board-startup.service" make sure you have a
usb-serial adapter plugged into the usart on the PocketBeagle's uart
pins, as the usb gadget will go away..


Side note, if you disable generic-board-startup.service, just have
something else call:

/bin/sh /opt/scripts/boot/am335x_evm.sh

"after" startup, so your startup will show it booted fast, but then
eventually the usb gadget could be loaded..


          2.649s loadcpufreq.service
           707ms cpufrequtils.service

It's safe to disable cpufrequtils, by default it's already running at
1Ghz out of u-boot and with Performance enabled
with the default kernel..

It's more for legacy..

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 1.357s (kernel) + 27.030s (userspace) = 28.387s
graphical.target reached after 26.727s in userspace



I have been working with the LTS 4.14 ti branch. Is 4.19 better? To be honest, I don’t remember the image I started with, but I started 6+ months ago. I’m in a position where I can basically start fresh if there are advantages.

Doesn't really matter, for me 4.14.x-ti = stretch, v4.14.x+ is buster,
so if we grab this stretch console image:


Then on the PocketBeagle...

BeagleBoard.org Debian Stretch Console Image 2020-04-06

1st boot...

debian@beaglebone:~$ uname -r

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 9.701s (kernel) + 44.498s (userspace) = 54.200s

2nd boot...

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 9.691s (kernel) + 29.165s (userspace) = 38.856s

sudo systemctl disable systembb-wl18xx-bluetooth.service
sudo systemctl disable bb-wl18xx-wlan0.service
sudo systemctl disable wpa_supplicant.service

sudo apt remove cpufrequtils libcpufreq0 hostapd --purge

3rd boot...

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 9.637s (kernel) + 28.614s (userspace) = 38.252s

sudo rm /boot/initrd.img-4.14.108-ti-r131

4th boot...

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 1.117s (kernel) + 27.318s (userspace) = 28.436s


The newest image is certainly an improvement, but my results are not quite what yours are. Two quick questions:

  1. Is the dev-mmcblk0p1.device time affected by SD card speed? I’m at a loss why mine is 8 seconds slower than yours.
  2. Is there a way to identify the time consuming parts generic-board-startup.service?

Here is where I stand:

systemd-analyze blame
36.337s generic-board-startup.service
27.260s dev-mmcblk0p1.device
3.565s nginx.service
3.326s loadcpufreq.service
3.247s systemd-udev-trigger.service
2.083s networking.service
1.979s ssh.service

Hi Paul,

I am also trying to make my PocketBeagle startup time faster and after disabling a lot of scripts I saw little progress until I disabled bonescript-autorun.service

sudo systemctl disable bonescript-autorun.service

You don’t see it when you run ‘systemd-analyze blame’ but look at the output of ‘systemctl status’

It is the default Web server and the one that gives you all the info on the BeagleBone when you just start with it. If you are not just starting with the board you probably don’t need it.

My startup time dropped about 14 seconds.



Startup finished in 7.003s (kernel) + 40.578s (userspace) = 47.581s


Startup finished in 6.781s (kernel) + 26.379s (userspace) = 33.161s (in reality about 42 seconds from the power button push to my wireless network being connected and my program spewing data to the computer.)
See below my message for the complete output of systemd-analyze

TJF mentioned even better boot times by disabling the universal cape. I tried this line once:


But ended up with an unresponsive board… (PocketBeagle)
I am still wondering what the generic universal-cape line does in uEnv.txt. I have now used:
enable_uboot_cape_universal=0 enable_uboot_cape_universal=1 #enable_uboot_cape_universal=1

And there is no difference at all in the boot time. Is there a way to check if it is active?

When I disable serial-getty@ttyGS0.service my boot time reduces again with 14s:

Startup finished in 6.726s (kernel) + 12.957s (userspace) = 19.684s

The service is recreated though at the next boot. And the actual start time of the board (time to wifi connection from button push) still stays at about 40 seconds. I wonder if the extra time is actually the Wifi USB dongle starting up. dmesg output:

[ 19.595409] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: Realtek

[ 19.595416] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 123456

[ 33.475816] cfg80211: Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates for regulatory database

[ 33.490036] cfg80211: Loaded X.509 cert ‘sforshee: 00b28ddf47aef9cea7’

[ 34.111534] RTW**: module init start**

Then this thread seemed interesting to me. It is about the raspberry PI but the question posed is if it is possible to start systemd-timesyncd.service later from Kosi:

"So we should rather stay with fake-hwclock for saving/loading last system time on boot before systemd-fsck-root.service and use systemd-timesyncd.service for network time synchronization only?
Then it could be better to change systemd-timesyncd.service dependencies to load after network-online.target only to save some time during the boot.

Code: Select all

#After=systemd-remount-fs.service systemd-sysusers.service
#Before=time-sync.target sysinit.target shutdown.target



Best, Hans.

My complete ‘system-analyze blame’ before and after I disabled the bonescript-autorun.service and finally disabling the serial-getty@ttyGS0.service


debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze
Startup finished in 6.801s (kernel) + 39.999s (userspace) = 46.800s
multi-user.target reached after 39.558s in userspace
debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze blame
32.964s generic-board-startup.service
23.167s dev-mmcblk0p1.device
2.500s systemd-udev-trigger.service
1.805s networking.service
1.345s avahi-daemon.service
1.316s ssh.service
1.209s dnsmasq.service
1.118s systemd-timesyncd.service
1.115s systemd-logind.service
1.113s connman.service
1.051s systemd-journald.service
1.003s libpruio-lkm.service
720ms wpa_supplicant.service
626ms systemd-update-utmp.service
597ms rsyslog.service
588ms systemd-user-sessions.service
478ms systemd-remount-fs.service
472ms user@1000.service
466ms fake-hwclock.service
451ms dev-mqueue.mount
439ms systemd-modules-load.service
412ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
378ms systemd-sysctl.service
355ms kmod-static-nodes.service
352ms systemd-journal-flush.service
351ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service
337ms systemd-sysusers.service
328ms systemd-udevd.service
328ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service
325ms sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount
317ms systemd-rfkill.service
303ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
275ms systemd-random-seed.service
229ms sys-kernel-config.mount
164ms ifupdown-pre.service
117ms user-runtime-dir@1000.service
86ms cloud9.service


debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze blame
19.139s generic-board-startup.service
17.197s dev-mmcblk0p1.device
2.501s systemd-udev-trigger.service
1.946s networking.service
1.205s systemd-timesyncd.service
1.098s systemd-logind.service
1.019s ssh.service
1.018s systemd-journald.service
970ms libpruio-lkm.service
947ms connman.service
798ms dnsmasq.service
641ms rsyslog.service
620ms avahi-daemon.service
599ms systemd-remount-fs.service
569ms fake-hwclock.service
542ms systemd-update-utmp.service
488ms user@1000.service
464ms wpa_supplicant.service
443ms kmod-static-nodes.service
436ms systemd-user-sessions.service
416ms sys-kernel-debug.mount
383ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service
381ms systemd-modules-load.service
367ms sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount
354ms systemd-journal-flush.service
350ms dev-mqueue.mount
348ms systemd-udevd.service
338ms systemd-sysusers.service
314ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service
303ms systemd-random-seed.service
299ms systemd-rfkill.service
292ms systemd-sysctl.service
225ms sys-kernel-config.mount
197ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service
112ms user-runtime-dir@1000.service
98ms ifupdown-pre.service
85ms cloud9.service

With serial-getty@ttyGS0.service disabled (but still 40 seconds till wifi connection from button push and not disabling service is not permanent)

debian@beaglebone:~$ systemd-analyze blame

17.496s dev-mmcblk0p1.device

5.989s generic-board-startup.service

2.451s systemd-udev-trigger.service

1.849s networking.service

1.189s systemd-timesyncd.service

1.092s connman.service

1.027s ssh.service

1.023s systemd-journald.service

1.015s systemd-logind.service

906ms libpruio-lkm.service

890ms dnsmasq.service

735ms wpa_supplicant.service

719ms avahi-daemon.service

559ms systemd-update-utmp.service

551ms systemd-remount-fs.service

515ms user@1000.service

508ms systemd-user-sessions.service

448ms systemd-modules-load.service

448ms kmod-static-nodes.service

407ms dev-mqueue.mount

393ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup.service

392ms rsyslog.service

359ms systemd-journal-flush.service

340ms systemd-udevd.service

331ms sys-kernel-config.mount

326ms systemd-sysusers.service

318ms systemd-sysctl.service

315ms systemd-tmpfiles-setup-dev.service

308ms sys-kernel-debug.mount

298ms systemd-rfkill.service

294ms systemd-random-seed.service

285ms systemd-update-utmp-runlevel.service

257ms sys-fs-fuse-connections.mount

251ms fake-hwclock.service

114ms user-runtime-dir@1000.service

107ms ifupdown-pre.service

92ms cloud9.service

Thanks. I had to go back to 4.14 since the newest distro broke some things which is taking me a while to figure out. I did however, eliminate bonescript and I’m ~ 40 seconds which is almost tolerable.